(1829 - 1888)
Químico fisiólogo, agrónomo y tecnólogo industrial. Se le considera Padre de la Agricultura Científica Cubana. Su obra cumbre, Ensayo sobre el cultivo de la caña de azúcar, se tradujo a varios idiomas y es considerada la principal obra escrita sobre esta gramínea.
National Social Science Award
2001 | Oscar Pino Santos

Oscar Pino Santos, was born in Banes (Holguín Province) in 1928. He went to high school in Havana and entered College to study Law, though after having worked in Hoy, the journal Carteles, and TV channel 2, he chose to study journalism. For around 5 years, he weekly wrote reports, articles and brief essays for Carteles about the most critical subjects of the economic and social life of the country. Being always illustrated with photos by the prize-winning Raúl Corrales, those works contributed decisively to initiating in Cuba a kind of researching, denouncing and stylistically enjoyable journalism that, just a few years later, would become established as “new journalism” by some well known American writers.

After the triumph of the Revolution, he was a proponent of the Bill of Agrarian Reform (approved on May 17th, 1959) that was discussed by a small group appointed and presided over by Commander Fidel Castro and made up of Commander Ernesto Ché Guevara and other four comrades.

International career:

From 1960-1967, he worked as Cuban ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary in the People’s Republic of China and, simultaneously, in the Kingdom of Cambodia. In the seventies, he was either a member or the head of delegations to the Program put forward for a New International Economic Order (NIEO), he was an outstanding exponent of the Cuban standpoints at several UN bodies and other international bodies such as the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries. He delivered lectures and participated in many seminars in universities and centers of high studies in many countries: the Jawaharlal Nehru University in India, the Center for Foreign Affairs of Harvard University in the United States, and made speeches in many other institutions in Latin America, Africa, Asia and Europe. He was elected president of the Association of Third World Economists (1976-1980).

In Cuba he was the founder and first director of the Center for Studies on Latin America (CEA) and the Center for Research on World Economy (CIEM). Also, he was Advisor to the Council of State of the Republic of Cuba.

Oscar Pino Santos passed away in Havana on January 17th, 2004.


  • American Imperialism in the Cuban Economy. Lex Publishing House, Havana, 1960 and Ciencias Sociales Publishing House, Cuban Institute of the Book, 1973

  • History of Cuba: Fundamental Aspects ". Peking, 1963, Publishing House of the National Board of Universities, Havana, 1964, second edition.

  • The Attack on Cuba by the Yankee Financial Oligarchy. 1973, Casa de las Americas Award to Essay, Orbe Publishing House, Cuban Institute of the Book, 1975.

  • Economic Problems of the Third World and Strategy of Non-Aligned Countries. Nuestro Tiempo Publishing House, Mexico, 1976.

  • The New International Economic Order. Nuestro Tiempo Publishing House, Mexico, 1979.

  • The Economic Crisis in the United Status and Reagan Policy. Nuestro Tiempo Publishing House, Mexico, 1982.

  • Cuba: History and Economy. Ciencias Sociales Publishing House, Havana, 1983.

  • Scheming. Nuestro Tiempo Publishing House, Mexico, 1991.

  • JFK: Who Killed Him?. Nuestro Tiempo Publishing House, Mexico, 1993; Sao Paulo, 1994.

  • The Times of Fidel, Che and Mao: As I Knew Them. Nuestro Tiempo Publishing House, Mexico, 1997.

  • The Fifties (Selection of works published in the journal Carteles.  Office of Publications and Special Projects of the Cuban Institute of the Book, Havana, 2001.