(1903 - 1964)
Físico y químico francés, gran amigo de Cuba. Su aporte principal a la ciencia estuvo relacionado con la agricultura y la ganadería, fue mundialmente conocido por su tesis sobre el pastoreo intensivo.
Natural and Exact Sciences
1999 | Impacts of climatic change and measures of adaptation in Cuba
Main executives entity: Meteorological Institute
Main author: Tomás Gutiérrez.
Summary:

These results are currently and scientifically very important, because they satisfy the expectations contained in the Convention of the United Nations about climatic change, all related to the preparation of humanity to future climatic changes and their general environmental implications.

It is carried out the assessment of six socioeconomic sectors: hydric resources, coastal areas, agriculture and forestry, human settlements and earth use, wild life and biodiverisity and human health, starting from the creation of climatic scenarios, applying the Preliminary Manual of UNEP.

It can be seen in each chapter the participants' high professionalism in the selection of modern scientific models, the right multidisciplinary approach and the complex analysis of evaluating natural and socioeconomic dependences for different scenarios, which reveals its valuable scientific integration.

This research constitutes, in essence, a theoretical-methodological model for insular territories, mainly from the Tropic which in addition to its origanility and multidisciplinarity, exhibits the level of the harmonic development of Cuban sciences, as well as, its appropriate imbrication with the social and productive spheres of the country.

The use of international models, recognized by the Intergovernmental Panel of Climatic Change, for the selection of the global scenario of emissions of greenhouse effect gases, their influence on global warming and their role in the conformation of future space - temporal patterns of climate, as starting point of the general identification of impacts in the different geocomponents, obeys the logic of interactions among the factors and processes involved in this problem.

Especially, the original methodology is notable for the projection of diverse diseases, through the use of empiric - statistical models about the influence of changing climatic conditions and their meteorological varieties implied or not on morbidity and mortality proliferation. It has also been successfully applied in Bolivia.

This result represents a scientific approach to the future mutant environmental reality, and it invests thought and government decision with a solid arsenal to plan the strategic policies of national sustainable development.

It presents 5 articles published abroad and 3 in Cuba, 4 of these in prestigious scientific publications, such as:

  • Climate Research, 1999;
  • Serv. of Information in Health IGORGAS, Republic of Panama, 1998 and 1999;
  • Ecology, 1998.