(1822 - 1895)
Ingeniero español. Miembro fundador de la Real Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y Naturales de la Habana, en 1861, donde presentó la mayor parte de los resultados de la labor de investigación realizada durante su residencia en Cuba.
Agrarian and Fishery Sciences
2003 | Bioclimatology: a tool for citric cultivation development in Cuba and America.
Main executives entity: Tropical Fruit Growing Research Institute (1), Bioplants Center of Ciego de Ávila (2), Meteorological Institute
Main author: Del (1) María del Carmen Pérez Hernández, del (2) Justo L. López Olmedo y Carlos G. Borroto Nordelo, del (3) Oscar Solano Ojeda.
Coauthors: From (1) Tania Castro-López, Cira D. Sánchez García, María Eugenia García Álvarez, Miguel Aranguren González, Mayda Betancourt Grandal and Yenia Pérez Acevedo; from (2) Romelio Rodríguez Sánchez, Nadina Nieves Rodríguez, Jorge F. Acosta, María A. Blanco Jerez, Maritza Escalona Morgado and Lucas A. Rodríguez Pérez;  from (3)  Luis Pozo Rios.

This work summarizes the results from the researches carried out in the field of physiology applied to the citric cultivation under Cuban tropical climate conditions, during three decades. These integrate, for the first time in the country, the characterization of physiologic processes related to fruits' yield and quality, its relationship with climate, the main inductive factors and regulation mechanisms, and their differences in connection with the behavior reported in literature for tropical climate, all which constitutes the scientific novelty of this work.

There were defined five edaphic-climatic regions in the citrus towns of the country from the knowledge acquired, which laid the scientific-technical foundations for the application of Bioclimatology in cultivation; and the most influencial bioclimatic indicators were identified in the yield and quality under our conditions, which were used for the design of cultivation management technologies depending on the town, the fruit destination and the changes of climate. The integrated application of these results has been decisive in the recovery and the development of citrus agroindustry in the country, which are generalized in this, mainly in the following productive processes: production estimate, harvest classification, flowering management, phitosanitary management, physiologic disorders management, and in the technical-organizational system for raw material supply to the industry.

The extrapolation of the research methodologies used, made possible the classification of the main citrus towns from American continent in eight edaphic-climatic regions, starting from the information on 99 climatic variables, provided by 28 countries of the region that respond for the 54% of the world citric production, all which constitutes a valuable contribution for agreement decision making with the productive and sanitary purposes in this cultivation.

The results from this work have received prizes, presented in events and published in 53 scientific articles: 29 of international character and from these, 2 in very prestigious magazines, 6 in international magazines and 25 articles in arbitrated proceedings of high perspective in the subject. 4 Doctorate Thesis and 4 Master Thesis have been elaborated. It has many references from scientific and productive Cuban and foreigner institutions.