(1895 - 1968)
Arqueólogo y antropólogo. Fue un acucioso investigador en disciplinas científicas tales como la Botánica, la Geología y la Mineralogía, aunque se destacó especialmente en la Arqueología Indo-antillana y en la Antropología Física.
Social Sciences and Humanities
2003 | The other Family. (Relatives, nets and descendants of slaves in Cuba)
Main executives entity: University of Havana (UH)
Main author: María del Carmen Barcia Zequeira.
Summary:

It is a research work centered in the controversial existence of a slave family. It starts from the need to study the "black man's subject" from an unprejudiced perspective, able to integrate it to the concrete analysis of society, in the diverse moments of its development.

The subject of the black family, in slavery or freedom, has not been approached by Cuban historiography. It is due to the sources' difficulty, because with a few exceptions, there are not records that allow studying these nuclei; and quantitative sources -censuses or registers -, only reflect marriages, which do not constitute the most common form of integrating families, in the popular layers in general and among slaves in particular. It has been necessary to go to judicial sources, of difficult location and reading, in order to extract from those processes the elements that allow reconstructing those unions and understanding their transcendency.

All the forms of black and mulatto slaves' participation had a social integration and a starting point, frequently obviated, in their families.

The work approaches the particularities of the slave family, their constitution forms –from the individual interests of slave owners-. It is made a classification on the matter.

Slave families are rebuilt and their development strategies are methodologically and factually designed. Although it is an essentially historical work, it also uses methods of sociology and historical anthropology.

It received the Prize Casa de Las Américas in 2003.