(1916 - 1978)
Médico cirujano. Contribuyó al desarrollo de la cirugía experimental y del trasplante de órganos en Cuba. Se dedicó también a los estudios de Cibernética aplicada a la Medicina y gran parte de su esfuerzo lo consagró a la urgente tarea de reformar los hospitales universitarios y al propio Plan de estudios de la Facultad de Medicina.
Social Sciences and Humanities
2003 | Space and territory in sociological studies in Cuba
Main executives entity: University of Havana (UH)
Main author: Mariana Ravenet Ramírez.
Summary:

The work considers the problem of identifying the potentialities offered by the geographical space approach for sociological studies, and as general objective: to demonstrate the possibilities of including the theoretical/methodological base of this approach in order to study society.

It makes a concrete and valuable contribution to the transdisciplinary approaches in our country, to the practice of sociological reseaches, to community work and local development work.

The author intends to incorporate "geographical space" category to the sociological research by the light of a based theoretical and historical analysis of this science's development. On the basis of this proposal, it is possible to reach valuable conclusions not from general statistical representations, but contextualizing phenomena spatial-temporarily, and this way it is possible to go deeper in their grounds.

This is a key methodological proposal for the ulterior development of our applied social sciences, because it provides a main variable to keep in mind in the analysis of the social and economic processes that take place in Cuba during the present historical circumstances, which have entailed the appearance of vulnerable groups and a geographically delimited re-stratification of classes and main social groups.

This approach is crucial for the development of local and social work and the territorialization of the central decisions, and it is key for the present individualization of social policy, as for it concretes in detail and in daily life the relationship of the individual and the group with the State and society in general, as well as the institutions' characteristics. It overcomes the traditional vision of the macro and the micro, the rural and the urban in sociology.