(1864 - 1942)
Doctor en Medicina. Introductor y maestro de la Radiología y la Fisioterapia en Cuba. Sus méritos profesionales contribuyeron a prestigiar la campaña que emprendió desde París, en defensa de la gloria de Finlay.
Natural and Exact Sciences
2003 | “Agrometeorological study of hydric availability for unirrigated agriculture".
Main executives entity: Meteorological Institute
Main author: Oscar José Solano Ojeda.
Coauthors: César Justo Menéndez García, Ransés José Vázquez Montenegro, María Eufemia Martín Padrón, Jorge Agustín Menéndez Ginorio, Myriam González Pérez, Julio  César Marín Argudín, María del Pilar Fernández Nuñez, Marlén Peñate Fernández, Tomás de los Reyes Burgo Ariosa, Maribel Osorio Marín, Teresita Gutierréz Gárciga.
Summary:

It is very important to know the period on which the humidity requirements of cultivations are satisfied, in order to guarantee good and stable crops. This was the main objective of this scientific work. For this purpose, it was necessary to incorporate leading-edge techniques that allowed handling an agricultural strategy regarding climate.

The main objetives of this research were: providing knowledge to agriculture specialists about the hydric supply possibilities offered by the climatic conditions of different regions of the country, and helping to achieve a better agricultural planning that diminishes the risks of crop losses. These results have, for Cuban territory, the zonings of reference evapotranspiration, precipitation, reservation of soil's productive humidity and humid and dry growth periods, with their beginning, ending and duration dates, for a normal year and for a dry year. Also, the annexes contain a total of 288 zoning maps of agroclimatic variables and the statistical summaries of the information of 682 studied pluviometers.

The results show an objective method, mainly in sustainable and dry conditions, in order to evaluate the climatic risk to choose which cultivation should be sown, where it should be established and to determine the opportune moment to achieve a succeessful harvest. It provides high scientific knowledge and constitutes a manual of practical use for agricultural planning, for the tasks of agrometeorological service to agriculture and for the administration of climatic risks.

This work presents 34 published scientific articles and 17 scientific events, half of them in Congresses and Conferences in Latin America and the Caribbean; including references of 6 national institutions and 2 Territorial Centers.