(1833 - 1889)
Médico y pedagogo. Miembro fundador de la Real Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y Naturales de la Habana, en 1861. Además fue miembro corresponsal de la Sociedad de Medicina Legal de Nueva York, Estados Unidos.
Social Sciences and Humanities
2005 | Human identity and subjectivity in José Martí
Main executives entity: Philosophy Faculty, University of Havana
Main author: Rigoberto Pupo Pupo
Summary:

The study has an eminently historical and cultural character. Its main objective is the search of the nature of José Martí's philosophical-social thought in the revelation of Our America's essential being from its own roots, of the sustaining traditions and of the evolution experienced, conditioned by new realities, premises, which endorse and enrich its cultural wealth, together with the originality, autochthonous condition and creation in which the speech is expressed when assuming reality. As a second aspect, it penetrates in the specificity of his philosophical thought and the concrete determinations in which he is expressed; for that reason the human subjectivity category and the system of values in which it is carried out, is central to this study.

It is a very serious and rigorous book carried out by an expert on Marti's work. In his analysis, the author takes into account, along the whole text, the main methodological premise of the evolutionary process of Marti's thought, an insignia not always found in our national hero's studies. It follows the chronological and space evolution, that is to say, the socio-political and cultural conditioning of the diverse environments on which Martí developed his thought. Also, it deals the specific subject of the book (Identity and subjectivity) in the context of the Teacher's ideology, in particular, philosophy and political and social ideas. This way, the author achieves a solid foundation of well structured and coherent analysis, where Martí is given as a whole.

The book' specific subject, occasionally approached in literature in a slightly exalted and normative way, here is transparent and established. The result is a novel and lucid approach in which the hive between identity and axiology is exposed in its complex interaction.

It is shown in the work how, in the present time, when historical scepticism spreads in the international arena, when there is no lack of attempts of denying history, culture, tradition, historical memory, reason, projects of social emancipation, revolution and progress, the rationality is imposed as a need of preserving not only national, but also human identity. In such conditions, Marti's paradigm and the ideal of rationality that is consubstantial to him, acquire contemporaneity and social validity more than ever.

The content of this book is not only intended to specialists, but also, to those that start Marti's studies, that is why it is unquestionably useful in the formation of new scholar generations in this field.