(1797 - 1879)
Sociólogo, historiador y economista. Se destacó por su postura opuesta a la esclavitud y contra la anexión de Cuba a los Estados Unidos.
Social Sciences and Humanities
2005 | Antillean architecture from the 20th century
Main executives entity: Architecture Faculty, "José Antonio Echeverría" Advanced Polytechnic Institute CUJAE
Main author: Autor: Roberto Segre

It is a book of 435 pages published by the National University of Colombia in coordination with Art and Literature Publishing House of Cuba, which author is Prof. Dr. Arq. Roberto Segre, a recognized international authority in this matter. The work approaches a critical valuation of Antillean architecture and its urbanism for the first time during the last 20th century starting from an itemized and rigorous comparative study. The book is a required international reference on the subject.

The work is the result of two decades of research, based on the support of John Simón Guggenheim Foundation of New York in 1985, which made possible to visit the whole area that was object of study, together with later partial sojourns to culminate the work field. The author's specialization, together with the wide previous experience due to his extensive bibliography, allowed him finishing the text as a book which obtained in 2004 the IV Biennial Latin American Prize of Architecture that took place in Lima.

The work is pleasantly written; but with the typical rigor of this specialty, it updates the significance of architecture and urbanism in the Antilles during the 20th century from the bond of multiple historical, political, social, constructive, artistic, economic, stylistic and other factors which transcend the specific problem of each country and covers the nexuses of the area. Hence the integrative vision that considers the contributions of colonial architecture and some stylistic tendencies such as Art Nouveau, Art Decó and the Modern Movement that, when compared to Europe, United States and Continental Latin America, are occasionally unaware of the Antillean constructive system.

The book is very well written and structured in seven chapters, and its titles reflect the consecutive approach and literary quality. There are presented cases of study that illustrate about coincidences and particularities of the topic among the different countries of the region. The conclusions are applicable to the debate about identity and globalization, as well as to the wanted but difficult integration of the local and national with the universal scale.

The high scientific rigor and the thorough editorial design of the work is complemented with its internal coherence derived from the content structure with comparative purposes.

As the corresponding references express, this work is already a consultation text in several high teaching levels of pre-degree and post-degree courses in Cuba and in the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean.