(1822 - 1895)
Ingeniero español. Miembro fundador de la Real Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y Naturales de la Habana, en 1861, donde presentó la mayor parte de los resultados de la labor de investigación realizada durante su residencia en Cuba.
Social Sciences and Humanities
2005 | Positivism and antipositivism in Latin America
Main executives entity: “Marta Abreu” Central University of Las Villas
Main author: Dr.Cs. Pablo Manuel Guadarrama González

The work presented characterizes the specific features of positivism and its importance in Latin American environment; shows the reasons why this philosophy suffered a considerable transformation in the new historical circumstances and explains the foundations of antipositivist criticism and self-criticism by cultivators and successors.

In this way, it reveals that sui generis Latin American positivism approximated even more to natural scientific materialism, to epistemological optimism, to atheism, to liberalism, and to the completeness of the construction of modernity with radical critics to capitalism -especially in its imperialist phase- and even -in some cases- recognitions of Socialism raison d’ etre. It was evidenced a certain positivism metamorphosis and a considerably progressive character in Latin America in contrast to European context.

The scientific result is condensed in a book published by the Social Sciences Publishing House used in universities and other Cuban and foreign centers and institutions, and which main contribution is building a critical balance of positivism and antipositivism, as well as determining its specificity which is the reason why it is considered sui generis in the Latin American sphere.

The work provides an analysis about the influence of positivism in Latin America and its ulterior development, as well as a panorama pretty exhaustive of this school of thought. Likewise, it offers very typical and meritorious characterization of positivism in our continent.

The work is based on an extense bibliography and also refers Cuban authors’ most important results. It is written in an enjoyable way and with a didactic style; that is why it unequivocally represents a very valuable material for professors and students of humanistic degree courses.