(1858 - 1950)
Malacólogo y zoólogo. Eminente investigador y profesor universitario, discípulo de Felipe Poey. Su extensa obra comprende trabajos de Geología, Paleontología, Zoología, Arqueología e Historia. Su mayor aporte lo realizó en el conocimiento de la fauna fósil cubana.
Social Sciences and Humanities
2005 | The revolutionary bonds between José Martí and Antonio Maceo in the national independence war (1882-1895)
Main executives entity: University of Oriente
Main author: Dr. Israel Escalona Chádez

This research arose as an answer to an indispensable requirement of Cuban historiography thahst precedents count istoriography for h a didactical style he most importan resultsts ulterior development did not have precedents, which treated in an integral and monographic way the subject of the relationships sustained by two Cuban outstanding figures.

The result of several years of scientific research was expressed in the thesis that help the author obtaining the title of Doctor in Historical Sciences in the University of Havana in 2000; and in the publication of many articles in local periodic publications, specialized magazines and articles, introductory studies and monographs in books and pamphlets.

It was proved with this research, the insufficient historiographic treatment of the object of study; that Martí and Maceo established personal relations characterized by the comprehension of colonial problems and the definition of the revolutionary process as the only way to achieve the national independence, and at the same time, to accomplish aims of continental reach; that in the development of their revolutionary bonds, there were periods of approach and others of temporary rupture, of scarce communication and complete distance, on which influenced, together with their respective formations and historical experiences, the course of events and the movement of surrounding ideas, and the fact that convergences and differences became apparent between José Martí and Antonio Maceo’s conceptions.

This research, which is carried out with exhaustive spirit, is careful with every piece of bibliography on the subject and makes a thorough revision of the documentary material –published and unpublished-, which can be appraised in the incredibly rich system of references and notes that almost constitute the third part of the text from the abovementioned book. Such informative abundance supports the detailed analysis that bases a well plotted argumentation and balanced judgements.

We are faced with an original work, which main thesis has a certain historiographical and political value: above proximities, which were many, much more than those usually pointed out, and above their differences, Marti and Maceo shared essential identities around the need of Cuban independence in those circumstances, their confidence in popular sectors and their attachment to national sovereignty.