(1877 - 1971)
Botánico. Destacado científico que dedicó su vida a estudiar e interpretar la naturaleza cubana y a buscar nuevas fuentes de riquezas naturales; su mayor aporte a la ciencia lo constituyen sus estudios acerca de las plantas medicinales.
Technical Sciences
2005 | "Cuban house: colony and eclecticism."
Main executives entity: Marta Abreu Central University of Las Villas (UCLV), MES
Main author: De la Universidad Central de Las Villas: Dr. Arq. Roberto López Machado,
Coauthors: From the Central University Marta Abreu de Las Villas: Riota Argüelles Otero, Guillermina Sánchez Oviedo, Daily Morales Díaz, Alberto Pérez Alvarez -Guerra; from the University of Camagüey: Oscar Prieto Herrera, Vivian Más Sarabia; from the University of Oriente: Noemí Barzana Rodríguez, Coralina Vaz Suárez; from the University of Cienfuegos: Lilia Martín Brito; from the Higher Institute José Antonio Echevarria: Angela Rojas Avalos, Obdulio Coca Rodríguez, María Vicxtoria Zardoya Loureda; from the Provincial Heritage Center of Cienfuegos: Irán Millan Cuetara; from CITMA Matanzas: Alicia García Santana; from the Conservation Office of Santiago de Cuba: Omar López Rodríguez, Marta Lora Alvarez; from the Conservation Office of Trinidad: Lisset Boggiano Ayo; from Heritage of Sancti Spiritus: María Silvia Arruebo Salvador, Marivi Cabrera Arrojo and María Antonieta Jiménez Margolles from the Office of Monuments in Remedios: Reynaldo Mendoza Valdivia.

Scientific impact: The work presented gathers more than ten years of investigation, including three doctorates, diploma and graduate works. It analyzes housing in sectors of average incomes, which shaped Cuban cities, and it compares twelve Cuban cities. It is possible to identify local variants inside that process, allowing this way a characterization of each city. It demonstrates the importance of academic architectural codes, even in houses that were not made by architects; and it goes beyond the conventional analysis limited to the formal aspects, in order to locate the object of study in its socioeconomic context. It was developed an enormous field and cabinet work to coordinate this task and gather the documentation. It is outstanding the distinction of three specific periods in the 19th century in the large periods conventionally contained in neoclassicism; and in eclecticism of the first decades of the 20th century. It is wisely used a common terminology for the stylistic variables analyzed in the twelve cities. The study has received national and international important recognitions. In 2001, it was published in Corunna the book Architecture of the Cuban House. Also, other 9 books have been written in Cuba by coauthors of this work, as well as 14 publications in magazines. The results of this work are already applied in higher education.

Economic impact: It offers information for the performances on an architectural heritage that conformed the image of central areas in all the Cuban cities, it allows saving time and avoiding irreversible errors that would devaluate that great charm for cultural tourism.

Social impact: This work contributes to the valuation and preservation of built heritage, the historical memory in urban structure reinforces the sense of belonging of the population, and its civic culture. Those physical cohesive elements are very important in the fight against the globalizing tide and the destruction of the social structure.

References: There are presented references from thirteen important Cuban institutions, such as the National Center of Conservation, Restoration and Museology, the Office of the Master Plan for the Revitalization of the Historical City of Santiago de Cuba, the Office of the City Historian of Havana City, the Higher Technical Architecture School of Madrid.

Conclusion: It is a large work, carried out by 11 centers along 10 years, which fills a gap in the study of the stylistic evolution of housing in Cuba. For all the above-mentioned aspects, it is proposed for the Annual Prize of the Science Academy of Cuba.